Dr Allan B. I. Bernardo

Professor, Department of Psychology and University Fellow, College of Education

University of Macau, Macau



Ph.D., 1992, Department of Psychology, Yale University

Institutional Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau


Allan B. I. Bernardo is a cognitive psychologist and educational psychologist based in Manila, Philippines. He received his PhD in cognitive psychology in Yale University (1992), and has been teaching at De La Salle University-Manila since 1996.

His research interests are broad—ranging from cognitive psychology topics such as representation of number information among bilinguals, development of problem solving schemas, and factors affecting the components of mathematical problem solving to educational psychology topics such as the role of language, motivation, and non-cognitive variables on learning and achievement, and cognitive consequences of literacy practices. His most recent research interests relate to the role of culturally-rooted cognitions and beliefs on learning and achievement. 

He has also been a strong advocate of promoting psychology research in the Philippines, serving as officer of the Psychological Association of the Philippines and the Pambansang Samahan sa Sikolohiyang Pilipino (National Society for Philippine Psychology) for many years, and organizing varied psychology conferences and activities in the country. 

His work in psychology has been recognized in the Philippines. Most notably, the 2002 Achievement Award for Research by the National Research Council of the Philippines, and the 2003 The Outstanding Young Men Award for his work in Psychology and Education.

He was also awarded the Spencer Fellowship by the National Academy of Education (U.S.A.) and the International Award for Literacy Research by the UNESCO Institute for Education, both in 1996.  In 2007, he was elected into the Philippines’ National Academy of Science and Technology, becoming the first psychologist elected into the prestigious group.

Research Interests

  • Polyculturalism, intergroup ideologies, and intergroup relations
  • Social class, socioeconomic inequality, socioeconomic mobility
  • Hope, positive psychological concepts, and well-being in Asian societies

Selected publications

On polyculturalism:

Bernardo, A. B. I., & Presbitero, A. (2017). Belief in polyculturalism and cultural intelligence: Individual- and country-level differences. Personality and Individual Differences, 119, 307-310.

Bernardo, A. B. I., Rosenthal, L., & Levy, S. R. (2013). Polyculturalism and attitudes towards people from other countries. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37, 335-344.

Bernardo, A. B. I., Salanga, M. G. C., Tjipto, S., Hutapea, B., Yeun­­­­g, S. S., & Khan, A. (2016). Contrasting lay theories of polyculturalism and multiculturalism: Associations with essentialist beliefs of race in six Asian cultural groups. Cross-Cultural Research, 50, 231-250.

Salanga, M. G. C., & Bernardo, A. B. I. (2017). Cognitive empathy in intercultural interactions: The roles of multiculturalism and polyculturalism. Current Psychology. doi:10.1007/s12144-017-9599-3

On socioeconomic inequality:

Bernardo, A. B. I. (2013). Social dominance orientation and attitudes towards the poor: Contrasting lower and higher socioeconomic groups in the Philippines. Philippine Journal of Psychology, 46, 39-69. 

Bernardo, A. B. I., Ganotice, F. A., & King, R. B. (2015). Motivation gap and achievement gap between public and private high schools in the Philippines. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 24(4), 657-667.

Clemente, J. A. R., Daganzo, M. A. A., Bernardo, A. B. I., & Pangan, C. A. C. (2017). Filipino adolescents’ conceptions of socioeconomic mobility: A consensual qualitative research. Child Indicators Research, 10, 117-140.

Wang, T. W., & Bernardo, A. B. I. (2017). Through the back door: Personality factors predict acceptance of illegal zou hou men among Chinese people. Personality and Individual Differences, 119, 114-117.

On hope and positive psychology:

Bernardo, A. B. I. (2010). Extending hope theory: Internal and external locus of trait hope.  Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 944-949.

Bernardo, A. B. I., Daganzo, M. A. A., & Ocampo, A. C. G. (2016). Abusive supervision and well-being of Filipino migrant workers in Macau: Consequences for self-esteem and heritage culture detachment. Social Indicators Research. doi: 10.1007/s11205-016-1446-7

Bernardo, A. B. I., Wang, T. Y., Pesigan, I. J. A., & Yeung, S. S. (2017). Pathways from collectivist coping to life satisfaction among Chinese: The roles of locus-of-hope. Personality and Individual Differences, 106, 253-256.

Nalipay, M. J. N., Bernardo, A. B. I., & Mordeno, I. G. (2017). Posttraumatic growth in survivors of a natural disaster: The role of the social axioms of religiosity, reward for application, and social cynicism. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 12, 342-353.

+ Text Size -
Original generation time 0.8094 seconds. Cache Loaded in: 0.0122 seconds.