Professor Allan B. I. Bernardo

Professor of Psychology, University of Macau



Ph.D., 1992, Department of Psychology, Yale University

Institutional Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau


Allan B. I. Bernardo is a Filipino psychologist who is currently Professor of Psychology at the University of Macau. He received his PhD in cognitive psychology in Yale University (1992).

His current research interests relate to three themes: (a) how intergroup ideologies (particularly polyculturalism) and other lay beliefs relate to intercultural and intergroup relations, (b) social cognitions related to socioeconomic inequality and socioeconomic mobility, and (c) locus-of-hope and other positive character strengths relate to well-being in Asian societies. In the past he has also done research on sociocultural dimensions of achievement motivation, cognitions about learning, and achievement in schools, with a focus on the roles of language, social axioms, and values.

He has also been a strong advocate of promoting psychology research in the Southeast Asian region, previously serving as President of the ASEAN Regional Union of Psychological Societies, President of the Psychological Association of the Philippines, and Chair of the Philippines Social Science Council. 

He was also awarded the Spencer Fellowship by the National Academy of Education (USA) and the International Award for Literacy Research by the UNESCO Institute for Education, both in 1996. In 2002, he was given the Achievement Award for Research (Social Sciences) by the National Research Council of the Philippines. In 2007, he was elected into the Philippines’ National Academy of Science and Technology, becoming the first psychologist elected into the prestigious group.

Research Interests

  • Polyculturalism, intergroup ideologies, and intergroup relations
  • Social class, socioeconomic inequality, socioeconomic mobility
  • Hope, positive psychological concepts, and well-being in Asian societies

Selected publications

On polyculturalism:

Bernardo, A. B. I., & Presbitero, A. (2017). Belief in polyculturalism and cultural intelligence: Individual- and country-level differences. Personality and Individual Differences, 119, 307-310.

Bernardo, A. B. I., Rosenthal, L., & Levy, S. R. (2013). Polyculturalism and attitudes towards people from other countries. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37, 335-344.

Bernardo, A. B. I., Salanga, M. G. C., Tjipto, S., Hutapea, B., Yeun­­­­g, S. S., & Khan, A. (2016). Contrasting lay theories of polyculturalism and multiculturalism: Associations with essentialist beliefs of race in six Asian cultural groups. Cross-Cultural Research, 50, 231-250.

Salanga, M. G. C., & Bernardo, A. B. I. (2017). Cognitive empathy in intercultural interactions: The roles of multiculturalism and polyculturalism. Current Psychology. doi:10.1007/s12144-017-9599-3

On socioeconomic inequality:

Bernardo, A. B. I. (2013). Social dominance orientation and attitudes towards the poor: Contrasting lower and higher socioeconomic groups in the Philippines. Philippine Journal of Psychology, 46, 39-69. 

Bernardo, A. B. I., Ganotice, F. A., & King, R. B. (2015). Motivation gap and achievement gap between public and private high schools in the Philippines. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 24(4), 657-667.

Clemente, J. A. R., Daganzo, M. A. A., Bernardo, A. B. I., & Pangan, C. A. C. (2017). Filipino adolescents’ conceptions of socioeconomic mobility: A consensual qualitative research. Child Indicators Research, 10, 117-140.

Wang, T. W., & Bernardo, A. B. I. (2017). Through the back door: Personality factors predict acceptance of illegal zou hou men among Chinese people. Personality and Individual Differences, 119, 114-117.

On hope and positive psychology:

Bernardo, A. B. I. (2010). Extending hope theory: Internal and external locus of trait hope.  Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 944-949.

Bernardo, A. B. I., Daganzo, M. A. A., & Ocampo, A. C. G. (2016). Abusive supervision and well-being of Filipino migrant workers in Macau: Consequences for self-esteem and heritage culture detachment. Social Indicators Research. doi: 10.1007/s11205-016-1446-7

Bernardo, A. B. I., Wang, T. Y., Pesigan, I. J. A., & Yeung, S. S. (2017). Pathways from collectivist coping to life satisfaction among Chinese: The roles of locus-of-hope. Personality and Individual Differences, 106, 253-256.

Nalipay, M. J. N., Bernardo, A. B. I., & Mordeno, I. G. (2017). Posttraumatic growth in survivors of a natural disaster: The role of the social axioms of religiosity, reward for application, and social cynicism. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 12, 342-353.

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