Dr Allan B. I. Bernardo

Professor and University Fellow, College of Education

De La Salle University - Manilla


M.S., M.Phil, Ph.D. (Yale University)

Institutional Affiliations

Professor and University Fellow, De la Salle University, Manila


Allan B. I. Bernardo is a cognitive psychologist and educational psychologist based in Manila, Philippines. He received his PhD in cognitive psychology in Yale University (1992), and has been teaching at De La Salle University-Manila since 1996.

His research interests are broad—ranging from cognitive psychology topics such as representation of number information among bilinguals, development of problem solving schemas, and factors affecting the components of mathematical problem solving to educational psychology topics such as the role of language, motivation, and non-cognitive variables on learning and achievement, and cognitive consequences of literacy practices. His most recent research interests relate to the role of culturally-rooted cognitions and beliefs on learning and achievement. 

He has also been a strong advocate of promoting psychology research in the Philippines, serving as officer of the Psychological Association of the Philippines and the Pambansang Samahan sa Sikolohiyang Pilipino (National Society for Philippine Psychology) for many years, and organizing varied psychology conferences and activities in the country. 

His work in psychology has been recognized in the Philippines. Most notably, the 2002 Achievement Award for Research by the National Research Council of the Philippines, and the 2003 The Outstanding Young Men Award for his work in Psychology and Education.

He was also awarded the Spencer Fellowship by the National Academy of Education (U.S.A.) and the International Award for Literacy Research by the UNESCO Institute for Education, both in 1996.  In 2007, he was elected into the Philippines’ National Academy of Science and Technology, becoming the first psychologist elected into the prestigious group.

Research Interests

  • Bilingualism and mathematical problem solving
  • Learning and problem solving in mathematics
  • Achievement goals and motivation
  • The influences of language & culture on learning, thinking, and achievement

Selected publications

Bernardo, A. B. I. (in press).  Exploring epistemological beliefs of bilingual Filipino preservice teachers in the Filipino and English languages. The Journal of Psychology.

Bernardo, A. B. I. & Ujano-Batangan, M.T. (2007). Gender influences on perceived parenting characteristics and goal orientation of Filipino college students.  In A. B.I. Bernardo, M.C.G. Conaco, & M.E.C.D. Liwag (Eds.), The self, relationships, and subjective well-being in Asia: Psychological, social, and cultural perspectives (pp. 191-207).  Seoul, Korea: Kyoyook-kwahak-sa Publishing.

Bernardo, A. B. I. (2005).  Language and modeling word problems in mathematics among bilinguals. The Journal of Psychology, 139, 413-425. 

Bernardo, A. B. I. & Calleja, M. O. (2005). The effects of stating problems in bilingual students' first and second languages on solving mathematical word problems. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 116, 117-128.

Bernardo, A. B. I. (2001). Asymmetric activation of number codes in bilinguals: Further evidence for the encoding-complex model of number processing. Memory & Cognition, 29, 968-976.

Bernardo, A. B. I. (2001). Principle explanation and strategic schema abstraction in problem solving. Memory & Cognition, 29, 627-633. 

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